Electric motors and the new, modern energy-efficient motors are a far cry from the items one would have found back in the early years of the nineteenth century, emerging from the experimental workshop of Michael Faraday in 1821. The experimental setup he invented proved that the application of an electrical current through a magnet created a field which induced linear movement. However, it was not until ten years later that the practical application of an electric motor capable of turning machinery was invented and demonstrated by the British scientist William Sturgeon. .

The motors were expensive to manufacture and also expensive to repair, because of the components. It was not until about 1855 that practical, affordable, and reliable electric motors first appeared on the scene. The forerunner of all modern energy efficient motors and electrical motors in general was invented around 1873 by Znobe Gramme. The “Gramme Machine” was the first electric motor that was an efficient power source for diverse types of machinery. The story goes that the motor was invented purely by accident. Sometimes, the great breakthroughs in science and engineering through the ages has been a combination of luck and accidental discovery.

Practical electric motor design and manufacturing has revolutionized society as a whole, especially with the introduction of fractional horsepower motors (FHP), which are electric motor units with a power-rated output of 746 watts or less. The consumer-led boom, immediately following World War 2, led to the rise in these types of electrical motors which are the mainstay of washing machines, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, and other domestic and commercial applications and appliances.

Modern vehicles would be incomplete without FHP units: adjustable seats, windscreen wipers, central locking systems, electric-operated sun roofs and convertible roofs. In fact, some thirty-five percent of all FHP motors is used in the manufacture and assembly of cars, trucks, buses and other vehicle types. Without modern efficient electric motor design and manufacture, the industrial and residential landscape we are used to would be completely different than it is now.

Groschopp is a trusted and respected manufacturer of highly engineered fractional horsepower electric motors and gear motors for OEM and distribution products. For more information about electric motors, contact details, and other types of motors, log on to the website today at

Few consumers are aware that insurance companies typically use credit information when evaluating an auto insurance application. According to the Insurance Information Institute, insurance companies have recognized a connection between credit history and claims risk. Those with poor credit scores are 40 percent more likely to file claims than those with clean credit histories. Although getting auto insurance with bad credit can be a challenge, there are ways for credit-challenged consumers to get the coverage they need.

Obtain a copy of your credit report from Equifax, Experian or TransUnion. Review the information contained in the report carefully. If you find erroneous data, write a letter to these credit bureaus asking them to investigate and remove the data. This can help your odds of obtaining car insurance through a standard company, and can allow you to obtain coverage at lower rates.

Shop for quotes from several companies. You can obtain quotes online or use an insurance broker to obtain multiple quotes quickly. If you use a broker, let him know that you have bad credit. He will be able to select companies that accept credit-challenged applicants. You can then compare quotes and coverages to get the best deal for your money. Make sure you compare policies with similar coverages, so you can make a fair choice.

Ask a captive agent if her company offers “no credit check” auto insurance programs. Some companies offer “no credit check” options, even if they typically use credit scoring to determine acceptability and premium rates. Keep in mind that insurance companies usually charge higher premium rates for “no credit check” programs.

Contact “direct writers,” which provide quotes and sell policies via the telephone or Internet rather than through field agents. Some of these companies do not use credit information when evaluating applicants. This also gives you the advantage of being able to purchase your auto insurance policy without leaving your home or office.

Look for “high risk” insurance companies. These companies specialize in helping consumers with poor driving histories, bad credit and other challenges. Most high risk companies do not pull credit reports. These insurance companies typically charge higher premiums than standard companies, so explore other options before buying a policy from a high risk auto insurer.

Keep your driving record clean. Companies will sometimes accept credit-challenged applicants who demonstrate safe driving skills. A good driving history can help make up for past credit problems.

Traveling from one end of the city to another can be a harrowing experience when public transport is involved. People prefer private vehicles to buses and trains. People would rather invest in a private vehicle than travel via buses or trains. All of us, at some point in life, have dreamt of buying a car. We save up a substantial amount of our earnings to get it. Buying a car is more of a milestone in our lives than just another purchase. Which is why, your car is more than just a mode of transport. It is a valued possession that is dear to you and your family. And any damage to your car can make your expenses go haywire. When you purchase car insurance, your car is financially protected against physical damage or injury resulting from traffic collisions. Car insurance will also protect you from liability that arises due to these accidents. To a lesser degree, financial protection may be offered against theft and possible damage of the vehicle by your car insurance policy.

In India, private car insurance is the fastest growing sector. It is mandatory for all new cars to be insured. The premium amount for the insurance policy depends on the make and value of the car, the state where it is registered and the year of manufacture. Car insurance in India is very important not just because it is mandatory but also because driving can be hazardous at times. Although you may be a good driver, you never know when someone else will lose control of their vehicle.

Car insurance provides coverage against loss or damage by accident, fire, lightning, self ignition, external explosion, burglary, theft and malicious act. Policies also protect you against liability for third party injury or death and third party property. On payment of additional premium, car insurance policies also cover loss or damage to electrical or electronic accessories. There are, however, a few exclusions. Car insurance does not cover consequential loss, depreciation, mechanical or electrical breakdown, breakage and drunken driving.

Car insurance policy can be purchased online. You don’t have to call insurance companies to compare policies. You can simply check online. It is important to renew your car insurance periodically so as to avoid any unexpected financial expenses due to accidents and fines while driving. Many insurance companies offer online purchase and renewal of policies. Buying car insurance online is simple and convenient as you can do it no matter where you are.

Author Profile:

Pranav Sharma is an insurance agent based in Mumbai; Pranav assists individuals and corporates in purchasing the right Car Insurance & often shares his insights about the general insurance industry on internet.

So, you need a vehicle. You want something stylish, economical, affordable, but most of all, you want a dependable one. If a new automobile is a bit out of your price range, used cars have much to offer. These previously owned vehicles are nearly as good as new ones, but you won’t have to pay the huge price tag that comes along with them. New vehicles begin depreciating the minute their bought, so why not get a previously owned automobile for a fraction of the cost? There are a number of reasons used cars are a smart buy. You won’t have to pay as much for insurance, you may still get a factory warranty, and if you are smart about shopping, you will likely get a much better deal than you would on a new vehicle. There are a number of things you should keep in mind when considering purchasing your previously owned automobile.

First, you need to do your own research. When buying new, simply going to a dealership with a general idea of what you want could work out just fine, but you must take many more precautions when looking for used cars. When you first start looking for previously owned models, you will probably have a good idea of what type of automobile you want. You must ask yourself if your dream car is realistic for your budget. Once you have determined what you want, start looking online. Many dealerships have their inventory on their websites, so if you are planning on buying from a local dealership, you can get a good idea of what is available. Use the Internet to research the particular vehicles you are considering and educate yourself as much as possible on those models. Find out the value of each particular model and year to determine whether or not the asking price is reasonable.

Used cars always require a thorough inspection. When you find the model that works for you, whether on the lot or on the Internet, it is essential that you thoroughly inspect the vehicle. When taking it for a test drive, take notice of all of the essentials. Does it accelerate properly? Do the brakes work the way they should? How smooth is the ride? Does the engine or other parts of the vehicle make any strange noises? Take your time to thoroughly evaluate its condition. Don’t know anything about automobiles? Bring a family member who does, or do as much research as possible about what to look for during the inspection. In many cases, dealers or private sellers will let you bring the automobile to a mechanic to have it inspected.

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There is no ignoring that Auto SMS Systems are now assuming their due place on the internet marketing arena. While global corporations have been making use of continuous and mass communication strategies for years, including 24/7 customer outreach via off-shoring and follow-the-sun approaches, Auto SMS marketing has put this tactic well into the reaches of small and medium organizations. Auto SMS systems are an effective way to quickly and cheaply distribute your marketing message to a sea of potential consumers.

SMS marketing is taking on an ever greater role in influencing consumer behaviour as more and more consumers use their mobile and smart devices to make purchasing decisions. SMS marketing has come a long way since the old internet marketing or email-based marketing approaches. While they have no-doubt been born out of internet marketing and web-based advertising, the popularity of SMS marketing and Auto SMS Systems has increased of late, thanks mainly to the demand for mobile smart devices. While many internet marketing strategies are ‘pull’ based, depending on consumers to initiate contact with a website, SMS marketing offers organizations a more proactive ‘push’ based approach to connect with its customers. Using quick response technologies, such as smart mobile devices, consumers are more prone to respond positively to a well designed SMS message and in the process commit to an ‘impulse buy’.

Like any technology however, Auto SMS Systems must be put through a vigorous testing process to ensure it meets your marketing needs. Using test message marketing could be one method to measure the effectiveness of an Auto SMS System before you subscribe to a service or buy a tool. Through use of a test message marketing strategy, one can measure the effect of the marketing campaign on a pilot group before mass broadcasting the SMS message. Many Auto SMS System providers and carriers permit either a handful or an unlimited number of test messages. Sending test messages to yourself through your Auto SMS System, and then verifying key aspects of the message is a good way to validate your SMS message marketing strategy.

Even “minor” issues with things like font sizes and colour can be highlighted with a well planned test message marketing strategy. Sometimes, Auto SMS System providers impose restrictions on the size of an SMS message. Such limitations may seem restrictive, but when used in conjunction with other complimentary SMS messages, can result in greatly determine consumer choices.

Similar to conventional phone, mail and even email marketing, Auto SMS Systems may also be subject to legislation. Industry overseers and mobile phone carriers have guidelines to determine fair use of SMS messages, including consumer choice to opt-in/out of an SMS marketing campaign. Failure to abide by these rules can lead to severe penalties or being barred from carrying out business over a carriers network.

Auto insurance is governed by the state laws. The state laws have mandated certain auto coverage to ensure safety of the community. Hence, if you want to continue with the privilege of driving in your hometown, you should learn the state auto insurance laws by heart.

The auto insurance laws of America vary widely, but still can be categorized as the following,

The tort state:

Tort defines the injuries that are eligible to receive compensation under the law. In a tort state, one party is identified as the responsible party for the accident and is liable to compensate the sufferers for their losses.

A tort state can further be categorized as full tort and limited tort. In the limited tort state, the recipient cant claim compensation for the pains and sufferings from the party responsible for the damages, until and unless he suffers permanent disability.

The no-fault state:

The no-fault state requires the drivers to carry insurances for their own protection, since it imposes restrictions upon the ability to sue the responsible driver.

Under the pure no-fault law the drivers are covered under their own plans respectively and will receive coverage irrespective of their responsibility for the damages.

However, no state follows the pure no-fault status, and thus leaves the opportunity for the involved parties to sue the other to recover a portion of their damages.

The add-on no-fault state: The add-on no fault state allows the victim to collect the benefits under the responsible partys bodily injury liability coverage, once his medical expenses exceeds the PIP coverage limit.

The doctrine of comparative negligence Some states follow the theory of comparative negligence, where the responsibility of an accident gets distributed amongst the parties involved in it. This doctrine restricts one party to hold the other party fully responsible for the damages caused to him.

In the states following the doctrine of comparative negligence, the party contributing more than 50% towards the damages caused in the accident, is the party at-fault.

The issue of liability

All the states require the drivers to carry at least the minimum liability coverage and that is to ensure the safety of the community around the driver. The state law makes sure that the driver has adequate coverage to compensate for the damages caused by him to others.

As the name suggests the collection predictive dialer system is successful and widely used by collection agencies worldwide, as it has the artificial intelligence to predict and route only those calls that make sense for call center executive. Before installing this software many collection agencies were literally fighting with old and outdated telephone technology that was completely manual and driven people. This was fine as long as the numbers are within manageable limits. But things have changed dramatically in recent decades and the number of loan clients has grown by leaps and bounds. Along with the growing number of default rates have also risen considerably.

To address the situation, the need of the hour is to have a good solid mechanism collection that is driven by technology and is not labor intensive. However, the best of a call center executive can prove that it would be impossible for him or her to watch over 60 calls per day. Experience has found that 20 to 30% of these calls is wasted because there is no response from the client side. However, with the use of the collection system predictive marker of the number of calls that can be made by a person increases by about 2-3 times and up to 200 per day figures. Another feature that makes this software all the more useful is the fact that of these 200 calls about 70 to 80% are productive calls. This translates into a figure of around 140 to 150 calls per day of production. Compare this with the number of previous productivity of about 45 calls.

Judging from the above statistics there is no reason why collection agencies should not consider this software as indispensable. In addition to the above statistics this collection predictive dialer software also ensures automatic dialing facility to collect the number of a database, helping to generate reports about dropped calls or not available and other vital information. As a collection executive Call center numbers have not found an answer or have an answering machine are reassigned in the queue and the software automatically selects the numbers and start dialing again. All this would have been possible in a scenario manual.

However, for the best use of this software and the results of optimal availability of real time data is very important. Moreover, the training and education of call center executives on the proper and efficient use of this collection predictive dialer system is paramount. At the end of the day, it can be concluded with some authority that this software has been shown a new direction to collection agencies and has made meaningful and productive work.

For more information about how Cloud based Auto Dialer, Voice Broadcasting, Call Center Software, Cloud based Auto Dialer and Hosted IVR may work for your small business, visit the LeadsRain.com.

An auto parts salvaging yard is utilized to store and scrap cars that are either old, unused or in poor condition. These business entities will store these unused automobiles in systematically organized rows to promote better efficiency. Machines are normally a part of the process. They are used to flatten these vehicles and make them more compact for easier storage. Whenever there are functioning parts present within the vehicle being scrapped or stored they will usually be taken out and sold. Nowadays, cars that are stored are inventoried using special codes that are entered in a computer database to improve the searching for and organization of these vehicles.

The parts that are removed include the more peripheral parts like the headlights, mirrors, tail lights, blinkers etc. If these are in in relatively good condition then they may be sold to prospective customers. The more vital parts like the transmission and engine are often purchased by car manufacturers who may recondition these parts and sell them with a special warranty. Some older cars are maintained to the liking of classical car enthusiasts. Because these older car parts are probably no longer manufactured, salvage yards may gain a good profit from the sale of these seldom seen parts.

Kentucky does not deviate from most other states where salvage yards are concerned. It boasts a viable auto parts salvaging industry. Most junk yards or wreck yards will normally integrate a useful salvaging practice into their regular operations. However for any salvaging yard to operate within Kentucky or any other state appropriate licensing by the associated state authorities is a must. If you are interested in accessing parts from a salvaging yard and live in Kentucky, then you may simply search online which has a great listing of multiple salvage yards that operate in the state. It is important that once you have an interest in acquiring parts from a salvage yard that you comparison shop to get the best parts and prices.

Car insurance is an integral part of owning a car. In India, car insurance is mandatory by law as well. Insurance policy with right amount of coverage is of utmost importance as it serves an insured in an unwanted event. Car insurance with comprehensive coverage covers personal liability, third party car insurance cover and also provides personal accident cover. One can get car insurance online these days which has emerged as the best and convenient way to buy insurance.

Most of the general insurance companies offer car insurance however the premium and coverage varies from one insurer to another. Some insurance companies offer comprehensive coverage but also charge higher premium while other insurance companies offer low coverage with low premium. So, it becomes vital to compare various insurance policies available before eventually buying the policy. One can use car insurance premium calculator to ascertain and determine the appropriate amount of premium that should be paid to buy insurance. The facility of car insurance calculator India is provided by various insurance aggregators these days and preferred vendor website also provide this option as well. Car Insurance premium calculator is a very important tool and it helps an individual in buying the appropriate car insurance including third party car insurance. >.

Car insurance calculator India basically tries to help the interested person i.e. one can calculate the premium that you are going to have to pay for the policy and can compare various different policies. It takes less than 10 minutes to fill the details and obtain the insurance quotes. Car insurance calculators not only help you choose the right coverage for you and your family but can also assist you plan the long and short term advantages of purchasing insurance coverage.

The car insurance premium calculator will calculate the premium for you based on the information provided by you which can be classified as inputs as well. Below are some of the things that are required by a car insurance calculator India:
Date of registration: This is the first thing that will be asked for by the car insurance premium calculator is the date of registration.
Car details: The next thing that is required by premium calculator is the details of the car. It requires information such as manufacturer and the type of model of the car.
Policy start date: This is important for the records of the car insurance calculator as the amount calculated is based on an annual rate.

One can get car insurance premium’s approximate value with using car insurance premium calculators which eventually helps in buying the policy with maximum coverage.

For many younger drivers their first car will typically not be a top-end sports car, in most cases it wont even be a new car, it will be second hand. This isnt a major problem since most new cars are ditched by their initial owners within a few years when the car is still in perfect working condition, simply because they are looking for the latest and greatest.

So theres a chance that young drivers will end up with a much older car as their first which should be cheap to insure and get them from A to B. With insurance rates being so high at the moment for young drivers they may be tempted to simply not get insured as it would cost more than the car is worth anyway. This is a huge mistake and they are taking an even bigger risk.

Car insurance is mandatory in this country (and the minimum cover for the entire European Union is third party cover at least) and being caught without valid insurance is a criminal offence and would incur a large fine and possibly points on your license or a driving ban. Many young drivers who are arrested for other traffic offences will also turn out to be uninsured too which would do them no favours when the boys in blue catch up with them.

So what can you do to keep the cost of this old banger down? Well there is a type of car insurance that may prove to be more apt for your vehicle: Third party, fire and theft. This policy would cover most of the incidents that may occur being theft and collisions that arent your fault but not cover damage your car receives if you were to be at fault for the collision. If you were to be at fault for a collision then it would cover the other vehicles damage but not your own, which may very well be a blessing in disguise as your car may be cheap enough that the repair costs would end up totalling more than the vehicle itself.

So third party, fire and theft car insurance can help drag your policy price down to an extent and would save you money in the long run as your insurance policy will not be covering damage you cause to the vehicle and save you some money on insurance premiums in the future.

Many young drivers are choosing this level of insurance as opposed to fully comprehensive for their first vehicle as it helps to keep the running costs of their first vehicle down and so they can start saving money for an upgrade when they earn a bit more and then can possibly cover a newer, more powerful car which they then would warrant needing fully comprehensive cover.